How to write an essay?

writing

Essay writing is both an art and a science. It is an art in that the writer must come up with a good idea, put thought behind it, choose provocative words and entertain while informing the reader. Good essays take a fair amount of creativity and style, and many of them even successfully tweak the science part of it without doing any harm. However, there is a basic science to writing a successful essay that flows, and all good essayists, from E.B. White to Joan Didion, had the science down before they were able to creatively manipulate it.

Good essays are comprised of sentences that are arranged in a certain logical manner. For writing to flow best, it contains some kind of arguement, whether implied or stated outrightly. An arguement by definition is logical, so for beginning essay writers, it is crucial to practice writing logical arguements.

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Steps of Writing an Essay

Writing

 

When you are writing an essay, the first step is to choose a topic and determine what direction or point of view you will take. Your essay may try to persuade the reader to share your view on the topic, it may try to explain to the reader how to complete a particular task, or it may try to inform or educate the reader on a particular topic.

Every good essay will follow the following outline:
1. Outline of your topic

2. Introduction

3. Thesis

4. Body (Usually 3-6 Paragraphs)

5. Conclusion

OUTLINE

To create your outline, list the topic you have chosen as item 1. Under item 1, list three to six main ideas about your topic, list these as A, B, C, and so on. You will use your outline to construct your essay’s paragraphs. Your outline may look similar to this one:

1. Topic Idea

A. This idea about topic

B. This fact about topic

C. This information about topic

Introduction/Thesis

The first paragraph consists of the introduction and a thesis statement. The introduction should attract the reader’s attention and give the reader an idea of the essay’s focus. You may begin with an attention grabber such as intriguing information, captivating dialogue or a startling fact.

Start with a few sentences, explaining your topic in general terms and lead into your thesis statement. Each sentence of your opening statement should become a bit more specific, until you reach your thesis.

The thesis statement tells the reader what the essay will be about, and what points you will be making in your essay. In your thesis, you should state the topic of the essay and state the point of the essay or the main ideas on your topic that you determined in your outline.

BODY PARAGRAGHS

The body paragraphs will describe and explain your essay topic. Each of the main ideas that you listed in your outline will become a paragraph in your essay. If you had three main ideas, you will have three body paragraphs.

Start by writing down one of your main ideas, in sentence form. In three to five sentences, explain your views or the facts surrounding this main idea. Go on to the next main idea, which will form paragraph 2, and follow the same steps until each main idea has been turned into a paragraph.

Conclusion

The conclusion brings closure to the reader. Three or four sentences are all that is needed to write a conclusion. You may use your conclusion to sum up the points of your essay, to provide a final perspective on your topic or to simply review the main points.